History of the 772nd
Military Police Company
Organized in 1638 as the Cohannet Train Band, Plymouth Colony Militia, the 772nd Military Police Company is the oldest company-sized unit in the Army National Guard. In 1639 when Taunton was incorporated, the unit became the Taunton Train Band. This was the first of many redesignations in the 772nd’s history.
The company was assigned to the Plymouth Regiment in 1658 and later the 3d Regiment, Bristol County Brigade. The company responded to the alarm for Lexington and Concord on 19 April 1775 they did not see any fighting but probably took part in the siege of Boston. The Taunton militia took part in two campaigns against the British; in New York in 1776 and in Rhode Island in 1777.
As Captain Reed’s Company, the unit was in federal service in September 1814 as a guard against British attack during the War of 1812. By 1831, the company had changed from obligatory service under Federal and state militia laws to volunteer service as a light infantry company. For the first time, unit personnel were fully armed, equipped, uniformed and drilled on a regular basis whereas before individual militiamen provided their own weapons and equipment. In 1842 the company became Company C, 2d Battalion of Light Infantry and in 1855 it became Company C, 4th Regiment.
The 4th was called into Federal service twice during the Civil War; for three months in 1861, fighting in the Battle of Big Bethel, Va.; and for nine months from Sep. 1862 to August 1863, taking part in the siege of Port Hudson, La.
Reorganized after the war as Company F, 3d Regiment, the unit was converted to coastal artillery in 1897. During World War I, the Taunton unit served as the 24th Company, Coast Defenses of Boston. In 1920 the unit converted to field artillery as Battery F, 101st Field Artillery.
The battery was ordered into federal service in January 1941 when the 26th Infantry Division began intensive training prior to World War II at Camp Edwards. Redesignated again as Battery C, 212th Armored Field Artillery Battalion, the Taunton unit, as part of the 6th Armored Division, fought in Europe. It took part in campaigns in France, Belgium and Germany as part of General Patton’s Third Army.
The battery reorganized in 1947 and was redesignated in 1955 as Battery B, 126th Antiaircraft Artillery Battalion and in 1959 as Battery B, 2d Battalion, 211th Artillery. It rejoined the 101st Field Artillery in 1963.
In December 1967 the unit received its current designation as the 772d Military Police Company. It also consolidated with the Attleboro unit which as, Company I, 101st Infantry, was awarded the Presidential Unit Citation for gallantry in action at Lorraine, France. In 1990 the 772d absorbed personnel from the 747th MP Company and HHD, 685th MP Battalion.
On 7 January 1991 the 772d was ordered into federal service for duty in the Gulf War. It provided reconnaissance and security for main supply routes. The 772d was released on 14 May 1991.
In 1995, the 772d changed station to Brockton after being stationed in Taunton for 357 years.